Monthly Archives: May 2016

How to free of enlarged pores

Two of the most stubborn and hard-to-treat skincare problems are blackheads and enlarged pores. Simply put, they’re tough to eliminate completely. You might feel like you’ve tried everything, but, in fact, most people end up using treatments that actually make matters worse. To achieve the best results possible, you need to know exactly what works and what doesn’t. Although what works to reduce pore size has limitations, using the right products consistently will let you see a definite improvement!

How Do My Pores Become Enlarged?

Almost exclusively, hormones regulate the oil glands that produce the sebum oil, which moves through the lining of each pore and then onto your face.  With normal oil production, the oil easily flows through the pore lining and out of the pore, imperceptibly spreading over the skin’s surface. The problems arise when your oil glands make too much oil. This excess oil mixes with other substances such as dead skin cells in the pore, causing a clog. Not surprisingly, this clog makes it difficult for the oil to flow freely, which causes the pore itself to enlarge.

Even though the pore enlarges to provide extra room for the oil to flow out, the oil still can become trapped (especially around the nose) by dead skin cells. Once this occurs and the material (oil and skin cells) at the end of the clogged pore is exposed to the air, it oxidizes, forming a blackhead.

What can you do? Check out the steps below to find out the best treatments for blackheads and enlarged pores! By following these steps consistently, you’ll see a huge difference—significantly reducing blackheads and minimizing enlarged pores.

Fixing the Problem: What to Do & What to Avoid

  • Stop using skincare products that clog pores or cause your oil glands to produce more oil. You must avoid products that are too emollient (meaning thick or greasy creams) or that have a creamy texture, as many moisturizers for dry skin do. If you have oily skin, creamy, emollient skin-care products will lead to clogged pores.
  • Avoid products with drying, irritating ingredients. Irritating products stimulate more oil production directly in the pore. [2, 3]Learn how irritating skin-care ingredients make your oily skin oilier!
  • Use only gentle, water-soluble cleansers and avoid bar soaps. Drying cleansers hurt the skin’s healing process, making red marks from past breakouts last longer. If a cleanser causes irritation, it can stimulate more oil production. Regarding bar soaps: The ingredients that keep bar soap in its bar form can clog pores.
  • Use a salicylic acid (BHA) exfoliant, in gel or liquid form, with absolutely no extraneous irritating ingredients. Gently exfoliating skin with a BHA can remove excess skin cells from the surface of the face (so they don’t build up in the pore) and exfoliate inside the pore (to improve its shape), allowing for a more even flow of oil.[4, 5]Anti-aging bonus: This step also reduces wrinkles and builds collagen! BHA is preferred to AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid) because BHA exfoliates not only on the skin’s surface but also inside the pore, where the clogs form. Paula’s Choice BHA products get rave reviews; click here to find the best one for your skin type.
  • Absorb excess oil. Clay masks can be great at absorbing oil and are an option, as long as they do not contain other ingredients that are irritating. Some cosmetics companies also offer oil-absorbing products to be worn under makeup; these are definitely worth trying to absorb oil all day long (or at least for several hours). An oil-absorbing product like Shine Stopper Instant Matte Finish with Microsponge Technology is an excellent choice, and you can visit Beautypedia Reviews on our sister website to find other options.
  • Improve cell production to help the pore function more normally.Prescription retinoids, such as Retin-A, Tazorac, Avita, Renova, and Differin can be effective for all skin types struggling with large pores. These can be used by themselves or with a BHA product. Research has definitely established that Retin-A, Renova, and Differin have positive effects on the way pores function, and you should consider these products for very stubborn cases or when blackheads are accompanied by breakouts.  Retinoids have anti-aging benefits, too, so they’re great for those struggling with blackheads, large pores, and wrinkles.
  • Use products loaded with antioxidants and cell-communicating ingredients to help heal skin and reduce wrinkles. Giving skin the important ingredients it needs to look and be healthy is critical, but the trick for those with blackheads and large pores is to use only products with a gel, liquid, or very thin serum texture. A well-formulated toner may be all you need twice a day to take care of this need.

Other Considerations

If the skincare suggestions above still aren’t doing the trick, consider the following additional measures to see if they can get you even better results:

  • If you’re female, and depending on your age and health, talk to you doctor about birth control pills.For women whose pore problems arise from oily skin, certain low-dose birth-control pills may be an option to reduce the hormone levels that create the excess oil, which is the root of the problem.  Men can ask their physicians for a blood test to check their testosterone levels and ensure their range is within the limits of normal.
  • Learn how to use a tool known as a comedone extractor. No one wants to look at a blackhead or pimple in the mirror. When you get one, if you don’t help remove it, the constant pressure and swelling in the pore will cause the pore to stretch (potentially permanently). A comedone extractor can become your best friend if you know how to use it right.
  • Consider having a facial. Aestheticians who know what they are doing can extract blackheads without damaging your skin.
  • Consider cosmetic corrective procedures. For all skin types, AHA or BHA peels, microdermabrasion, and laser resurfacing can improve the appearance of blackheads and whiteheads. However, these procedures don’t necessarily improve pore functioning; rather, they temporarily get rid of the surface problem, which does make your skin look better. For best results, an in-office cosmetic procedure must be accompanied by an effective at-home skincare routine.
  • Be careful about the makeup you use and be sure to get it all off at night. If you’re using thick, heavy makeup to cover red marks, even out an uneven skin tone, or hide large pores, be aware that the texture of such cosmetics can make matters worse. Also, be sure you’re removing all of your makeup each night; never go to bed without washing off your makeup. Neglecting to thoroughly, but gently, remove all your makeup can make clogged pores worse, increase blackheads and white bumps, and lead to dull-looking skin. Don’t let that happen to you!

How to treat a Oily Skin for more fresh

images (18)If you’re going through blotting sheets like whoa or frustrated by zits that won’t quit, you’re probably wondering what about you or your skin care regimen is amiss. “Latinas come in a full rainbow. That being said, Latinas in general tend to be on the oilier side,” says Leyda Elizabeth Bowes, MD, head of Bowes Dermatology in Miami.

Apart from genetics, other factors such as your daily activity, hot environments, or your hormonal stage in life can exacerbate oily skin. Latinas are also more susceptible to hyper-pigmentation, which can mean unwanted brown spots, especially when you spend time in the sun.

So, how do you deal? Here are six ways to take your skin from slick and greasy to luminous.

1. Find a great cleanser. “When it comes to oily skin, think of cleaning a cast-iron skillet: You clean oil with oil,” says Deniz Ataman, a longtime Clarins skin care specialist and current managing editor for Perfumer and Flavorist Magazine. With that sentiment in mind, she strongly supports oil-based cleansers, such as Lotus Face Treatment Oil from Clarins. However, whether you go with an oil-based cleanser or not, Dr. Bowes recommends steering clear of anything with alcohol and going for as gentle of a formula as your skin will take, since harsh formulas may remove more oil than you need. “You don’t want excess oil [on your skin] because that can feed bacteria, but you also don’t want to strip your skin of all its fatty acids,” she says.

2. Properly clean your face, back, and chest. Dr. Bowes says she commonly meets patients who experience chronic oily skin because they never learned how to properly wash themselves. Her top advice? “Choose a gentle cleanser and use it at least twice a day to normalize oil levels.” Instead of reaching for toner every day, use it once or twice a week at most and make a leave-on cream your go-to for controlling oil production. Overusing toner can lead to overly sensitive skin — skin so sensitive it may not be able to tolerate an acne regime — so opt for a cream low in benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. “All in all, caring for oily skin is about measure and balance,” says Dr. Bowes.

3.  Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate. “Dehydration can stress glands to produce more oil,” says Ataman. Her favorite way to hydrate her face is to make a clay mask from to time. For daily hydration, Dr. Bowes suggests using a moisturizer that contains hyaluronic acid rather than ceramides, which can lock in bacteria and lead to pimples. Try Boots Botanics Shine Away Mattifying Day Cream.

4. Be wary of home remedies. According to Dr. Bowes, home remedies are hit or miss. The popular sugar-lemon scrub some women make at home is a good exfoliant and mildly improves pigmentation, but too much lemon juice can lead to hyperpigmentation. Yogurt masks, which contain lactic acid, can help exfoliate and make skin glow, but they, too, can be overdone. Ataman believes that exfoliating once a week “to allow dead skin to slough off” is the sweet spot. One home remedy Dr. Bowes recommends avoiding is steaming. “The high temperature can be dangerous and strip your skin of fatty acids you need,” she says. “It’s the same reason why I tell patients not to take hot showers or go in Jacuzzis.”

5. Consult a dermatologist early. Dr. Bowes blames certain brands and websites for perpetuating unhealthy fads and myths about the number of products and regimen steps required to maintain glowing skin. “Frankly, all that will make the skin worse,” she says. Rather than play a guessing game, defer to your dermatologist. And if you’re struggling with comedonal, or mild, acne (blackheads and whiteheads) at any age, see your dermatologist before it worsens and becomes harder to treat.

6. Choose your makeup wisely. When it comes to your skin, Dr. Bowes recommends avoiding pore-clogging products like liquid foundations or other products that feel heavy. She prefers mousse-based foundations for their silky layers, but says aerosolized foundations work well too. If there’s only a little you wish to cover up, choose powder over foundation. Regardless of your product, Dr. Bowes stresses removing makeup before you go to sleep, “or even better, right when you come home, so your skin can breathe.”

Tips for free on oily skin

If you struggle with the daily annoyance of a shiny face that resembles an oil slick, you know how difficult it is to get oily skin under control. Adding to your frustration, whether you know it or not, is the fact that that many of the products claiming to eliminate shine and reduce oil actually make matters worse because they contain ingredients that irritate your skin and trigger more oil production!

Recognizing and Understanding Oily Skin

Oily skin is hard to control because it’s the result of genetically determined hormonal changes in your body, and you simply cannot control hormones topically. The hormones responsible for oily skin are called androgens—the male hormones—and they are present in both men and women.

Androgens stimulate healthy oil production, and while that truly has benefit for your skin, it is a problem when androgens stimulate too much oil to be produced! When too much oil is produced, the pores become larger to accommodate the excess oil production. Excess androgens can also cause the pore lining to thicken, which blocks oil from getting out of the pore, and that can result in blackheads and white bumps.

Not sure if you have oily skin? It’s recognizable by a few classic characteristics:

  • Your face is shiny only an hour or two after cleansing, and usually appears greasy by midday.
  • Your makeup seems to “slide,” or disappear right off your face.
  • The more oily areas of your face have blackheads, white bumps, or acne.
  • The pores are visibly enlarged, especially on your nose, chin, and forehead.

Caring for Oily Skin

The first step in caring for oily skin is to take a critical look at your current skin-care routine. Using products with drying or irritating ingredients may seem like a good idea because they make your skin feel less oily, at least initially, but in the long run using such ingredients is a bad idea.

Irritating or drying ingredients only make matters worse, because they actually trigger more oil to be produced directly in the oil gland! Our advice: Avoid irritating ingredients at all costs!

Products that make your skin tingle (such as menthol, mint, eucalyptus, and lemon) or that contain alcohol may feel like they are helping with your oily skin, but tingling is not helpful for anyone’s skin. When your skin tingles, it means it is being irritated, and irritation is always bad for skin. Tingling is just one way your skin is telling you it is hurting, and the cumulative damage will end up causing more problems.

Find out which irritating ingredients everyone should avoid.

Also bad for oily skin are products that contain pore-clogging or emollient ingredients, which may make your oily skin worse. As a general rule, ingredients that keep bar products in solid form (such as bar cleansers and soaps or stick foundations), or that are present in emollient lotions and creams are likely to clog pores and look greasy on your skin.

Instead of using creams or thick lotions, consider using only liquid, serum, or gel formulations.

Step by Step Routine for Oily Skin

The following essential skin-care guidelines—cleanse, tone, exfoliate, A.M. sun protection, P.M. hydration, and absorbing excess oil—will help you take control of your skin so you’ll see less oil, smaller pores, and fewer breakouts, using products from Paula’s Choice or the other products we recommend on Beautypedia.

1. Cleanse

Use a gentle, water-soluble cleanser twice daily. Ideally, the cleanser should rinse without leaving a hint of residue, should not contain drying cleansing agents such as sodium lauryl sulfate (drying up skin doesn’t help anything), and should be fragrance-free (fragrance is always irritating)

2. Tone

An alcohol-free toner loaded with antioxidants and cell-communicating ingredients is an important step for oily skin. Toners that contain these ingredients help skin heal, minimize large pores by reducing inflammation, and remove the last traces of dead skin cells or makeup that can lead to clogged pores.

3. Exfoliate

Exfoliation is one of the most important skin-care steps for oily skin. Oily skin tends to have an extra-thick layer of built-up dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, along with a thickened pore lining. Exfoliating is the best way to remove that build up, reduce clogged pores and white bumps, while making skin feel smoother.

The best exfoliating ingredient for oily skin is salicylic acid (BHA). Salicylic acid exfoliates not only the surface of your skin but also inside the pore lining, thus improving pore function and allowing oil to flow easily to the surface, so it doesn’t get backed up and plug the pore. In addition, over time, regular use of a BHA exfoliant will help fade the red marks from past blemishes.

Another benefit of salicylic acid is that it has anti-inflammatory properties, so it reduces irritation, which helps to calm oil production. Paula’s Choice offers several BHA products.

4. A.M. Sun Protection

Even if you have oily skin, a sunscreen is essential for preventing wrinkles and reducing red marks. If you’ve avoided sunscreens because the ones you’ve tried are too greasy or too occlusive, we have some options that will change your impression of sunscreens for good. Look for weightless protection that helps keep your skin matte. You also can consider applying a matte-finish liquid foundation rated SPF 25 or greater and a pressed powder with SPF 15 or greater.


Look so cutes than your age, find the tips

According to a British Association of Dermatologists survey carried out in 2008, many Britons are unaware that sun protection can keep the skin looking younger, believing instead that applying a daily moisturizer, eating a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water and having facial massages will suffice.

The Sun Awareness campaign officer at the Association, Maria Tabou, told the press at the time that such measures will have “nowhere near the anti-ageing impact of sun protection”.

Not only does exposure to UV increase a person’s risk of skin cancer, it also affects the elastin in the skin, which leads to wrinkles and sun-induced skin ageing such as leatheriness and blotchy pigmentation. Featured below are 5 tips for healthy skin…

Tip #1 for healthy skin: Sun protection
Ensure you protect your skin from the sun to maintain healthy skin

According to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, USA, a non-profit organization with an international reputation, most of the changes seen in ageing skin are actually “caused by a lifetime of sun exposure”.

To protect yourself from the sun, they advise the following three methods (with maximum protection coming from using all three).

  1. Avoid the sun during high intensity hours: the sun’s rays do the most damage between 10 am and 4 pm, so limit the time you spend outside during this period.
  2. Wear protective clothing: wear long sleeved shirts, long trousers or pants and a hat with a wide brim. Remember that tight woven fabric (eg denim) offers better protection than loosely woven fabrics like knits.
  3. Use sunscreen: go for a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) higher than 15 and apply generously about 20 minutes before you go out and then every two hours. You will need to apply more frequently if you go in the water or sweat a lot.

Don’t Smoke

Research shows that smoking alone ages skin. In a study published in the Archives of Dermatology in 2007, researchers at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbour, in the US, described how they examined the upper inner arms of smokers and non-smokers aged from 22 to 91 and found that after taking into account age and other variables, the number of packs of cigarettes that the smokers smoked per day was significantly linked to skin ageing. They looked at the skin on the upper inner arms to minimize the influence of sun exposure.

Indy Rihal from the British Skin Foundation told NHS Choices that smoking reduces the skin’s natural elasticity by promoting the breakdown of collagen and also reducing the amount that is produced.

Collagen, a protein that helps skin strength, gradually degrades with age, leading to wrinkles. Smoking causes this to happen sooner and also causes the tiny blood vessels in the skin to tighten, which reduces the amount of oxygen and nutrients that the skin cells receive, which also reduces elasticity and accelerates ageing.

The Mayo Clinic also suggest that exposure to heat from burning cigarettes damages facial skin and that certain smoking behaviours contribute to wrinkles, because of the repetitive facial expressions that smokers make, such as pursing the lips on inhaling and squinting their eyes to keep the smoke out.

Drinking alcohol can make your body and skin dehydrated, leaving the skin looking old and tired. So if you are drinking alcohol drink plenty of water and stick to sensible amounts. Have a non-alcoholic drink like soda water or watery fruit juice in between the alcoholic ones to help your body rehydrate.

Tip 3 for healthy skin: Clean your skin regularly and apply moisturizer

A British Skin Foundation survey published in January 2008 found that an astonishing 50 per cent of people who wear make up in the UK are damaging their skin by not removing make up before they go to bed.

The reasons for not cleansing the skin of make up before going to bed were also revealing in that most people were too tired to take it off, suggesting they were not getting good quality sleep which also affects skin health. A significant proportion also said they had had too much to drink or simply couldn’t be bothered.

Cleansing is an important part of skin care because it removes dirt and bacteria; and the key is to do it gently.

Use warm rather than hot water and limit the time you spend in the bath or shower to 15 minutes or less as too much time in hot water strips oils from your skin.
Moisturizing protects the skin from drying and acts as a protective layer for the skin

Also, use mild rather than strong soaps and avoid irritating additives such as perfumes and dyes, especially if you have sensitive skin.

When removing make up take care with the delicate skin around the eyes, and if you use waterproof make up you may need an oil-based product to make sure you get it all off.

When you have finished try to pat your skin dry so some moisture stays on it.

Moisturizing is important because it protects the skin from the weather and from drying up and looking dull. It helps your skin maintain its natural moisture levels too, say the Mayo Clinic experts, because it seals in the water already in the skin or slowly release water into the skin.

You may be surprised to know that according to the British Skin Foundation the price of a moisturizer is not a measure of how good it is: cheaper ones can be just as effective.

If you have dry skin avoid alcohol-based products and if you have oily skin avoid oil-based products (use water-based instead).

Some people with oily skin don’t need moisturizer: if your skin feels tight 20 minutes after bathing, then you probably do.

Tip 4 for healthy skin: Get enough quality sleep

Focus on quality sleep to keep your skin looking young and healthy

Sleep is essential for healthy skin. Not enough quality sleep will make your skin look tired and older, especially with bags under your eyes. Poor quality sleep can become a vicious cycle because lack of sleep makes you irritable, anxious and depressed, and that makes it harder to get good sleep.

Make sure you have plenty of physical exercise as this reducesstress and creates a healthy tiredness that helps sleep. Yoga and swimming are also good ways to improve sleep.

Aerobic exercise increases the oxygen circulating in your body which helps the skin stay vibrant and healthy.